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Scientific name: Hymenaea courbaril


Other common names:

Abati, Abati-copul-do-brasil, Abati-timbaí, Algarobo, Árvore-copal, Burandá, Burandã, Castanheiro-de-bugre, Catá, Cataqui-iamani, Comer-de-arara, Copal, Copal-americano, Copal-do-brasil, Corbaril, Embiúva, Farinheira, Guarazema, Iaatiba-iu, Iaatiba-iutaí, Iataíba, Ibiúva, Imbiúva, Iutaí, Jaçaí, Jataí, Jataí -de-embira, Jataí-amarelo, Jataíba, Jataíba-monde, Jataibaúba, Jataicica, Jataí-de-pernanbuco, Jataí-grande, Jataí-jataí, Jataí-mondé, Jataipeba, Jataipeva, Jataí-pororoca, Jataí-roxo, Jataiúba, Jataiúva, Jataí-verdadeiro, Jataí-vermelho, Jataizinho, Jataúba, Jateí, Jateiúva, Jatel, Jati, Jatioba, Jatobá, Jatobá-amarelo, Jatobá-curuba, Jatobá-da-catinga, Jatobá-da-mata, Jatobá-d'anta, Jatobá-de-anta, Jatobá-de-porca, Jatobá-de-porco, Jatobá-de-vaqueiro, Jatobá-do-sertão, Jatobá-mirim, Jatobá-miúdo, Jatobá-roxo, Jatobá-sertão, Jatobá-trapuca, Jatobá-verdadeiro, Jatobazinho, Jatubá, Jetaí, Jetaíba, Jetaíbo, Jetaici, Jetaí-de-pernambuco, Jetaipeba, Jetaiúba, Jetuipeba, Jitaí, Jupati, Juputi, Jutaí, Jutaí-açu, Jutaí-branco, Jutaí-café, Jutaí-catinga, Jutaí-da-várzea, Jutaí-do-campo, Jutaí-do-igapó, Jutaí-grande, Jutaí-mirim, Jutaipeba, Jutaí-pororoca, Jutaí-roxo, Jutaúba, Juteí, Óleo-de-jataí, Óleo-jutaí, Olho-de-boi, Quebra-corrente, Quebra-facão, Quebra-machado, Taici, Trabuca, Trapuca.



Commercial height: 12.60m; Diameter (DBH): 53.2cm; Trunk: straight.


General characteristics:

Heartwood/sapwood: distinct;

Thickness of sapwood: 4.0cm to 10.0cm;

Heartwood color: reddish brown (2.5YR 5/4 to 2.5YR 4/4);

Sapwood color: very pale brown (10YR 7/3) with dark lines;

Growth rings: distinct;

Grain: irregular;

Texture: medium;

Tangencial figure: in very prominent longitudinal bands due to growth rings;

Radial figure: in narrow longitudinal bands caused by growth rings;

Luster: medium;

Odor: indistinct;

Resistance to manual cross-cutting: hard.



The heartwood is untreatable with creosote (oil-borne) or with CCA (water-borne).


Kiln drying:

Very rapid (3.0 days) showing no significant defects. Schedule used: MILD.



End-Uses: Heavy construction, light construction, boats, turnery, furniture and interior trim, household utensils, toys and paneling.


Test Planing Sanding Turning Boring
Number of samples 19 18 14 10
Processing Fair Easy Easy Easy
Finishing Bad Fair Excellent Good
Surface Torn Fuzzy Good Torn and crushed



Click on the images to zoom



Phisical Properties:


Density(g/cm3) Shrinkage (%) Shrinkage Tangential/ Shrinkage Radial
Dry Green Basic 12% Tangential Radial Volumetric
0.85  1.24  0.76    7.70  3.40 11.40  2.26


Mechanical Properties:


State Static Bending Compression Janka Hardness
Modulus of rupture (kgf/cm2) Modulus of elasticity (1.000kgf/cm2) Parallel to the grain Perpendicular to the grain Parallel to the grain (kgf) End to the grain (kgf)
Maximum compression (kgf/cm2) Stress at proportional limit (kgf/cm2)
Green 1093 146  559  101  902 965
Dry 1399 159 773 141 1253 1116 


State Tension Cleavage strenght Shear Nail extration
Perpendicular to the grain Maximum compression (kgf/cm) Maximum compression (kgf/cm) Parallel to the grain (kgf) End to the grain (kgf)
Maximum compression (kgf/cm2)
Green 69 88 148    
Dry 68 76 194    


Source: Laboratory of Forest Products - IBAMA-Brasília-Brazil


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